Socratic Questioning was named after Socrates (ca. 470-399 B. C.), the Greek Philosopher/teacher.
The Socratic approach is based on the practice of disciplined, rigorously thoughtful dialogue (according to these articles) between teachers and students.The idea is to uncover the truth and assumptions, to analyze concepts and distinguish from what we know from what we don’t know and to follow out the logical implications of thought.
The idea is to have deeper thought processes, deeper thinking and have a very systematic disciplined and focused discussion using deep thinking to arrive at the conclusions to the fundamental concepts, principles, theories, issues and problems.
Here are 6 types of Questions used by Socrates:
1. Conceptual clarification questions
2. Probing assumptions
3. Probing rationale, reasons and evidence
4. Questioning viewpoints and perspectives
5. Probe implications and consequences
6. Questions about the question
These questions are defined and explained in the last link that I provided. Each of those categories has more questions in their category.
I hope you like the articles.
It’s too bad we don’t remember more of what we learned in high school. I studied Socrates and Plato etc. but forgot about the names of the various questioning techniques and the thinking techniques. I just think of questioning as questioning and thinking as thinking, not to put titles to the various ways in which we question and think…unless doing it for a class or as samples when teaching then I look them up to provide questions and answerts to /for the students’ class material etc.