Socratic Questioning – Defined

http://www.serc.carleton.edu/introgeo/socratic/second.html

http://www.changingminds.org/techniques/questioning/scoractic_questions.htm

To summarize:

Socratic Questioning was named after Socrates (ca. 470-399 B. C.), the Greek Philosopher/teacher.

The Socratic approach is based on the practice of disciplined, rigorously thoughtful dialogue (according to these articles) between teachers and students.The idea is to uncover the truth and assumptions, to analyze concepts and distinguish from what we know from what we don’t know and to follow out the logical implications of thought.

The idea is to have deeper thought processes, deeper thinking and have a very systematic disciplined and focused discussion using deep thinking to arrive at the conclusions to the fundamental concepts, principles, theories, issues and problems.

Here are 6 types of Questions used by Socrates:

1. Conceptual clarification questions

2. Probing assumptions

3. Probing rationale, reasons and evidence

4. Questioning viewpoints and perspectives

5. Probe implications and consequences

6. Questions about the question

These questions are defined and explained in the last link that I provided. Each of those categories has more questions in their category.

I hope you like the articles. smile

It’s too bad we don’t remember more of what we learned in high school. I studied Socrates and Plato etc. but forgot about the names of the various questioning techniques and the thinking techniques. I just think of questioning as questioning and thinking as thinking, not to put titles to the various ways in which we question and think…unless doing it for a class or as samples when teaching then I look them up to provide questions and answerts to /for the students’ class material etc.

 

Creative and Divergent Thinking

http://www.debonogroup.com/index.php

The de Bono Group. (No date). Retrieved from:
de Bono, E. (2006, December 11). Edward de Bono on creative thinking. Retrieved from

de Bono, E. (2008, July 4). Edward de Bono – discusses Lateral Thinking . Retrieved from

Fraley, G. (2008). Seven things that might surprise you about creativity. Retrieved from the Gregg Fraley website: http://www.greggfraley.com/services/content/articles/seven-things-that-might-surprise-you-about-creativity/

No Grown-Ups Allowed. (2012). Retrieved from childsmind:innovation website: http://www.childsmindinnovation.com/post/28120120544/no-grown-ups-allowed

Definitions for divergent thinking: This link takes you to the About main page and type in “divergent thinking” and the definition link will pop-up. They also supply other links to the definition on other sites. Here is the link: http://www.tweenparenting.about.com/od/behaviourdiscipline/aDivergent-Thinking.htm